Mode of Travel
So far, the only way to travel within Bhutan is by road. There are single lane paved highways that connect Bhutan from east to west and north to south. A majority of the roads that connect small towns and villages are farm roads. Since Bhutan is a mountainous region, the roads are winding with plenty of hairpin bends and turns. Distances & Drive Time.
|From||To||Distance (KM)||Driving Time (Hour/Hours)|
|Samdrup Jongkhar||Guwahati (Assam)||110||3|
Dzongkha, “the language of the dzong”, belongs to the Tibetan linguistic family. Originally spoken only in western Bhutan, Dzongkha is now Bhutan’s national language. English is commonly spoken in the main towns and is the principal medium of instruction in schools throughout the kingdom.
The southern part of Bhutan is tropical, and in general the eastern region of the country is warmer than the central valleys. However, bear in mind that the higher the altitude, the cooler the weather, and that with a brisk wind blowing down off the mountains, even a low-lying valley can become quite chilly. The valleys of Punakha, Wangduephodrang, Mongar, Trashigang and Lhuentse enjoy a semi-tropical climate with cool winters, whilst Paro, Thimphu, Trongsa and Bumthang have a much harsher climate, with summer monsoon rains and winter snowfalls which may block passes leading into the central valleys for days at a time. Winter in Bhutan (mid-November till mid-March) is dry and sunny for the most part with daytime temperatures of 16-18C (60-65F). The spring season (mid March to mid June) offers warmer temperatures gradually warming to 27-29C (80-84F). The monsoon usually arrives in mid-June, with light rain falling mainly in the afternoons and evenings. At the end of September, after the last of the big rains, autumn suddenly arrives and is a magnificent season for trekking until November.
|Paro||-5.8 to 9.4||4.6 to 17.6||14.9 to 26.8||7.4 to 18.7|
|Thimphu||-2.6 to 12.3||7.1 to 20.0||13.4 to 28.9||10.4 to 28.9|
|Punakha||4.2 to 16.1||11.9 to 24.4||21.6 to 32||18.9 to 27.8|
|Wangduephodrang||4.3 to 17.0||12.9 to 26.2||16.2 to 28.4||14.7 to 26.1|
|Trongsa||-0.2 to 13.0||6.6 to 20.1||15.3 to 25.3||11.7 to 28.8|
|Bumthang||-5.1 to 10.8||3.9 yo 87.7||10.9 to 24.1||5.9 to 19.5|
|Mongar||8.2 to 15.5||14.0 to 22.8||15.8 to 26.1||15.8 to 22.7|
|Trashigang||10.5 to 20.4||17.0 to 28.3||23.1 to 31.5||17.7 to 29.1|
Bhutan time is 6 hours ahead of GMT and there is only one time zone throughout the country.
Bhutan’s currency is the Ngultrum (Nu.), with 100 Chetrum = 1 Ngultrum. The Ngultrum is fixed to the value of Indian rupee. Tourists are advised to carry their money in the form of travellers checks (preferably American Express) and cash (US dollars would be best) which might be used for incidental purchases/expenses. Credit cards are accepted in some places. Visa and American Express credit cards are more widely accepted than Mastercards. There are no ATMs in Bhutan. There are bank branches in all major towns.
Internet cafes are more widespread in western part of Bhutan and IDD calling booths can be found even in the remote far east of the country. IDD calls may be made and received at most accommodations used by Etho Metho, and at least in Thimphu, hotel internet access is assured. Etho Metho guides carry satellite phones on the Laya and Lunana treks, where groups are away from regular means of communication for extended periods of time.
Bhutanese delicacies are rich with spicy chillies and cheese. All hotels and lodges on Etho Metho’s selected list of accommodations offer delicious Chinese, Continental, Bhutanese and Indian cuisine. For trekking groups, Etho Metho’s own trained cooks will prepare dishes suitable to western taste in the above range, and every effort will be made to accommodate the individual dietary preferences of your clients. Please give some advance notice of any special dietary requirements so that we can make appropriate arrangements when the catering team assembles provisions.
The photographic opportunities on all trips are immense. Outdoor photography is usually permitted, but photography is generally not permitted when visiting shrine rooms of dzongs, monasteries and religious institutions. Please check with your guide before taking any photographs. You will also wish to record the local people, their houses and shops etc., always ask by a gesture if it is alright to do so. Don’t take your destination as a living museum!
Tipping is a purely personal matter. The bottom line in determining whether or how much to tip is to ask yourself how much Etho Metho team members did to make your Bhutan travel experience more enjoyable.
Inoculations: No vaccinations are currently required for traveling to Bhutan. However it is advisable to have tetanus, typhoid and hepatitis A shots. Precautions: Avoid drinking unboiled water or ice cubes, amoebae and giardiae are quite common. People prone to car sickness should bring appropriate medicine as the winding roads on the mountains have plenty of curves and turns. Anti-malarial medication is also recommended for all travelers who will be visiting rural areas of districts bordering India. Tobacco/Smoking: Buying and selling of tobacco products is banned in Bhutan. Visitors may bring in 200 cigarettes for their own use, on payment of import duty of 200%. Travel/Medical Insurance All visitors are advised to get their own medical/travel or any other relevant insurance before visiting Bhutan as we do not have this facility here.
In Bhutan, electricity runs on 220/240 volts, with round hole two-pin and three-pin power outlets. In Thimphu, electrical appliance shops stock adapter plugs, but they are unlikely to be available elsewhere.
Most hotels in Bhutan are 2-3 star and a few luxury 4 & 5 star accommodation are also available (Paro, Thimphu, Punakha, Gangtey, Bumthang). The standard accommodations all offer the necessary facilities, and are properly maintained. Generally speaking, hotels in western Bhutan are better appointed, while accommodation establishments in the central and eastern part of the country are more modest, with fewer amenities. Etho Metho has carefully selected the list of accommodation units with the best of location, service and ambience. Away from the towns and villages, there are purpose-built cabins on some of the principal trekking routes. But there is nothing like camping out in the forest or at the foot of a mountain! Wherever you spend the night, the warm Bhutanese hospitality will make you feel welcome.
What to pack
Clothing: Due to the wide range of temperature and climatic conditions it is advisable to dress in layers. For protection against cold, layered clothing is better than one or two thick garments. Clothing should preferably be made from natural materials, which allow the body to breathe. You will be offending people if you walk around in skimpy or tight fitting clothes. Shorts are not welcomed and women are advised to wear below the knee skirts or fairly loose trousers. Do not wear sleeveless T shirts (singlets, vests) as outer garments. Dress modestly and respectfully for visits to monasteries, dzongs and other religious institutions. Hats, caps etc. should be removed before entering the premises. Shoes: Bring comfortable sport shoes for light hikes & sightseeing; hiking boots for treks; semi formal shoes for dinners/appointments/functions. Others: Sunglasses/spare glasses, knife, hat, umbrella, camera, films and accessories (including spare camera batteries), insect repellent, hand cream, small sewing kit & safety pins, flash light (w/spare batteries), mirror, scissors, sun cream, sun burn relief cream, lip salve, soluble aspirin, antiseptic cream, anti-histamine cream, anti-diarrhoea pills, altitude & car sickness medicine and any medication you take regularly, or might need to take for a periodically recurring condition, such as asthma. Trekkers: We provide clean but used sleeping bags and foam mats, you can bring your own bring sleeping bag and thermal mats if you prefer ; comfortable trekking boots which have already been broken in and plenty of pairs of socks, noting that woollen socks dry quicker than cotton ones. Also bring a water bottle and plastic bags for packing clothing while on trek, as plastic bags are banned in Bhutan.
Hand-woven textiles, carved masks, woven baskets, wooden bowls, handmade paper products, finely crafted metal objects, thangkha paintings and Bhutan’s exquisite postage stamps are the items mostly purchased by travellers in Bhutan. The buying and selling of antiques is strictly forbidden.
Visitors are required to complete a passenger declaration form for checking by concerned officers on arrival. The following articles are exempt from duty:
Import/export restrictions of the following goods is strictly prohibited:
- Personal effects and articles for day to day use by the visitor
- 1 litre of alcohol (spirits or wine)
- 200 cigarettes, on payment of import duty of 200%
- Instruments, apparatus or appliances for professional use
- Photographic equipment, video cameras and other electronic goods for personal use
Import/export restrictions of the following goods is strictly prohibited:
- Arms, ammunitions and explosives
- All narcotics and drugs except medically prescribed drugs
- Wildlife products, especially those of endangered species